Scarification (or Scarifying) is the process of etching, scratching or cutting designs, pictures, symbols or words into the skin. This type of body modification is considered more permanent than tattooing or body piercing and is considered quite risky for numerous reasons.
The two main types of scarification involve cutting or branding of the skin. Scarification is usually done for aesthetic, social or religious reasons, signifying a sacrificial practice involving extreme discomfort and pain. Sometimes, endorphins can be released during the process that create a euphoric state for the devotee. The various techniques for achieving this body modification are varied and do not universally work for all people. Scarification carries a high risk of infection and trauma to the skin, and should not be conducted by anyone that is not experienced with the process.